Electronic governance or E-governance is adopted by countries across the world. In a fast-growing and demanding economy, e-governance has become essential.
Electronic governance or E-governance can be defined as the usage of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) by the government to provide and facilitate government services, exchange of information, communication transactions and integration of various standalone systems and services.
Electronic governance can take place in four major types of interactions, government to government (G2G), government to citizen (G2C), government to business (G2B) and government to employees (G2E).
The objective of e-governance is to support and simplify governance for government, citizens, and businesses. It also makes government administration more transparent and accountable.
E-governance reduces corruption in the government and ensures speedy administration of services and information. While e-governance provides the advantages of convenience, efficiency and transparency, it also has problems associated with it.
Lack of computer literacy and accessibility to the internet or even computers in some parts of the country is a disadvantage to e-governance. Electronic governance results in a loss of human interaction. As the system becomes more mechanized, lesser interaction takes place among people.