Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky (1821-1881)

Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky was born in 1821 in Russia and died in 1881. He was a Russian novelist, short story writer, essayist, journalist and philosopher. He had an immense influence on 20thcentury fiction.

His works combine religious mysticism with profound psychological insight. His works have greatly influenced the subsequent development of the novel in Russia. Many literary critics have rated him as one of the greatest and most prominent psychologists in world literature.

His literary works explore human psychology in the context of the troubled political, social and spiritual atmosphere of the 19th century Russia Dostoyevsky’s literary works explore human psychology in the troubled political, social, and spiritual atmosphere of 19th-century Russia.

Many of his works are marked by a preoccupation with Christianity, explored through the prism of the individual confronted with life’s hardships and beauty. Dostoyevsky is usually regarded as one of the finest novelists who ever lived. Literary modernism, existentialism, and various schools of psychology, theology, and literary criticism have been profoundly shaped by his ideas.

His works are often called prophetic. He began writing in his 20s, and his first novel, “Poor! Folk”, was published in 1846 when he was 25. His major works include “Crime and Punishment”, “The Idiot”, “Demons” and “The Brothers Karamazov”. His output consists of 11 novels, three novellas, 17 short novels and numerous other works.

Many literary critics rate him as one of the greatest psychologists in world literature. novella “Notes From Underground” is considered to be one of the first works of existentialist literature.

In 1849 he was arrested for his involvement in the Petrashevsky Circle, a secret society of liberal utopians that also functioned as a literary discussion group; they were particularly interested in the works of Charles Fourier.

He and other members were condemned to death, but at the last moment, a note from Tsar Nicholas I was delivered to the scene of the firing squad, commuting the sentence to ten years’ hard labour in Siberia.

  • His best novels : Crime and Punishment , The Idiot , The Possessed , The Brothers Karamazov.
  • His first novel – “Poor Folk”.

MCQ Question about Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky

1. Who wrote ‘Crime and Punishment’?
a. Dostoyvosky
b. Boris Pasternak
c. Leo Tolstoy
d. Maxim Gorky

Correct Ans : Dostoyvosky

2. What is the first nobel of Dostoyvosky?
a. Crime and Punishment
b. The Idiot
c. Demons
d. Poor Folk

Correct Ans : Poor Folk

3. “The Brothers Karamazov” is a nobel by —–
a. Boris Pasternak
b. Dostoyvosky
c. Leo Tolstoy
d. Maxim Gorky

Correct Ans : Dostoyvosky

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