ধর্ম (Religion)

Boris Leonidovich Pasternak (1890-1960)

Boris Leonidovich Pasternak was born in 1890 in Russian and died in 1960. He was a Russian poet, novelist, and literary translator. He was a famous and influential Russian author.

In his native Russian, Pasternak’s first book of poems, My Sister, Life, is one of the most influential collections ever published in the Russian language.

Outside Russia, Pasternak is best known as the author of “Doctor Zhivago” a novel which takes place between the Russian Revolution of 1905 and the First World War . In 1950, his famous and best novel “Doctor Zhivago” was banned by Soviet authorities.

Due to the novel’s independent-minded stance on the socialist state, “Doctor Zhivago” was rejected for publication in the USSR. At the instigation of Giangiacomo Feltrinelli, Doctor Zhivago was smuggled to Milanand published in 1957.

Pasternak was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1958, an event which both humiliated and enraged the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, which forced him to decline the prize, though his descendants were later to accept it in his name in 1988.

Pasternak’s main livelihood was translating, and his work included renderings of William Shakespeare, among others. In 1987 the Union of Soviet Writers posthumously reinstated Pasternak, giving him legitimacy in his home country.

  • Famous novel : Doctor Zhivago, Childhood , The Second Birth , Safe conduct (autobiographical)
  • Famous Poems : Death of a Sapper , The Lofty Malady.
  • Collection of poems : Twin in the Clouds , My sister, Nineteen Hundred five, Lieutenant Shmidt.
  • His unfinished novel : Spektorskii.

MCQ Question about Boris Pasternak

1. ‘Safe Conduct’ is an autobiographical novel of —
a. Maxim Gorky
b. Boris Pasternak
c. Dostoevosky
d. Leo Tolstoy

Correct Ans : Boris Pasternak

2. Who wrote the novel “Doctor Zhivago”?
a. Maxim Gorky
b. Dostoevosky
c. Boris Pasternak
d. Leo Tolstoy

Correct Ans : Boris Pasternak

3. A Russian author who refused the Novel Prize is
a. Dostoyvosky
b. Boris Pasternak
c. Leo Tolstoy
d. Maxim Gorky

Correct Ans : Boris Pasternak

4. Who wrote the poem ‘Nineteen Hundred Five”?
a. Maxim Gorky
b. Tolstoy
c. Dostoyvosky
d. Boris Pasternak

Correct Ans : Boris Pasternak

5. Which of the novels was banned by the Soviet Authority but later was awarded the Novel Prize in literature?
a. Doctor Zhivago
b. Safe Conduct
c. Death of a Sapper
d. Second Birth

Correct Ans : Doctor Zhivago

6. What is the autobiographical novel by Boris Pasternak?
a. Doctor Zhivago
b. The Mother
c. Safe Conduct
d. Second Birth

Correct Ans : Safe Conduct

7. What is the unfinished nobel by Boris Pasternak?
a. Spektorskii
b. The Mother
c. Doctor Zhivago
d. Second Birth

Correct Ans : Spektorskii

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